Trends in Nut Production and Consumption

The demand for nuts is ever increasing, and so is the production. This is because nuts are beneficial to human health and are an excellent source of protein, vitamins, and antioxidants. Nuts also help control the sugar level in the body. The demand for nuts outweighs the production which is leading high consuming countries to import from high producing countries. Although there is a significant increase in the production, there are also factors that hinder the production. These include global warming, unfavorable climate, and desertification.


The European Union is the largest market for edible nuts in the world, representing more than 40% of the total world imports. Import volumes are steadily increasing. Large importing and consuming markets such as the Netherlands, Germany, France and the UK offer opportunities for exporters from developing countries. Natural, low-sugar and safe products are the main trends supporting the increasing consumption of edible nuts and dried fruit.

The general quality requirement for all dried fruit and nuts is that products should be of “sound, fair and marketable quality” and bear the full name of their country of origin. Fruit and vegetables that are not covered by a specific standard must meet the general standard – or the applicable UNECE standard. Operators are free to choose which standards they would use in their business practice.

The most common quality requirements for edible nuts and dried fruit are the following:

  • moisture content (maximum level is defined for specific products);
  • sizing (different for every type of dried fruit and nuts);
  • specific cut (for certain types of dried fruit);
  • level and types of used preservatives;
  • quality class (defined by uniformity and tolerances).

Peanuts Description

The peanut, also known as the groundnut,[2] goober (US), or monkey nut (UK), and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers. It is classified as both a grain legume[3] and, due to its high oil content, an oil crop.[4] World annual production of shelled peanuts was 44 million tonnes in 2016, led by China with 38% of the world total. Atypically among legume crop plants, peanut pods develop underground (geocarpy) rather than above ground.

Country of Origin

The History of Peanuts. The peanut plant probably originated in Brazil or Peru, although no fossil records exist to prove this. For as long as people have been making pottery in South America (3,500 years or so) they have been making jars shaped like peanuts and decorated with peanuts.

Almonds Description

The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries[3][4]but widely cultivated elsewhere. The almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by corrugations on the shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.

Country of Origin

Their exact ancestry in unknown, but almonds are thought to have originated in China and Central Asia. Explorers ate almonds while traveling the "Silk Road" between Asia and the Mediterranean. Before long, almond trees flourished in the Mediterranean, especially in Spain and Italy.

Cashew Description

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.[1] The tree can grow as high as 14 m (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 m (20 ft), has proved more profitable, with earlier maturity and higher yields. The cashew seed is often considered a nut in the culinary sense; this cashew nut is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. Like the tree, the nut is often simply called a cashew.This crescent-shaped South American nut made its way into other cuisines such as Indian and Thai, thanks to Portuguese explorers and traders. Its almost-neutral flavor makes it a perfect candidate for when you're seeking to add texture, shape, or crunch to a recipe. Cashew milk, like almond milk, makes for a nutritious alternative to dairy.

Country of Origin

The History of Peanuts. The peanut plant probably originated in Brazil or Peru, although no fossil records exist to prove this. For as long as people have been making pottery in South America (3,500 years or so) they have been making jars shaped like peanuts and decorated with peanuts.

Walnut Description

A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut. It is commonly consumed as a nut. After full ripening for its edible seed when the shell has been discarded, it is used as a garnish or a snack. Nuts of the eastern black walnut (Juglans nigra) and butternuts (Juglans cinerea) are less commonly consumed. The large wrinkled edible seed of a deciduous tree, consisting of two halves contained within a hard shell which is enclosed in a green fruit.The tall tree which produces walnuts, with compound leaves and valuable ornamental timber that is used chiefly in cabinetmaking and gun stocks.

Country of Origin

The world production amounts to 1.200.000t approximately and China it is the first producing country. There are several hypotheses on the origin of the walnut tree. Its spontaneity has been proved in some Asian areas and its spread in Europe. As far as the cultivated tree, its culture is owed to the Romans; it is thought that the legions took the plant to the regions near the Rhin, in Germany, as well as to Spain. Afterwards, it was introduced in France and England. The walnut tree was taken to America by the Spanish navigators and it was widely accepted in California.At present, the walnut tree is cultivated mainly in the south of Europe, where its quality is superior to the commercial cultures from other continents, India, northern regions of Japan, China, South America and in general, all the regions of the world of temperate climate.

Hazelnut Description

The hazelnut is the nut of the hazel and therefore includes any of the nuts deriving from species of the genus Corylus, especially the nuts of the species Corylus avellana. It also is known as cobnut or filbert nut according to species. Hazelnuts are used in confectionery to make praline, and also used in combination with chocolate for chocolate truffles and products such as Cadbury chocolate bars, Nutella and Frangelico liqueur. Hazelnut oil, pressed from hazelnuts, is strongly flavoured and used as a cooking oil. Turkey is the world's largest producer of hazelnuts.

Country of Origin

Hazelnut - Origin and production. The hazelnut originates from Asia and many of the cultivated varieties nowadays have their origin in the XIXth century. The world produces 700,000t and Spain occupies the third place, being Cataluña the main culture area. The hazelnut is original from Asia Minor.

Pistachio Description

The pistachio a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East The tree produces seeds that are widely consumed as food. Pistacia vera often is confused with other species in the genus Pistacia that are also known as pistachio. These other species can be distinguished by their geographic distributions (in the wild) and their seeds which are much smaller and have a soft shell.

Country of Origin

The pistachio tree is native to western Asia and Asia Minor,from Syria to the Caucasus and Afghanistan.Native to the Middle East, pistachios have a naturally tan shell (those with red shells have been dyed) and a pale green nut that’s high in calcium. The green color is the result of chlorophyll that develops as the seeds grow. When buying unshelled pistachios, avoid those with fully closed shells, which indicates that the nutmeat is immature. A popular snack eaten raw, pistachios also give crunch and a nutty flavor to desserts like baklava.